Were You a Highly Sensitive and Intense Child?
Highly sensitive children and intense children are more aware of subtleties; their brain processes information and reflects on it more deeply. At their best, they can be exceptionally perceptive, intuitive, and keenly observant of the subtleties of the environment. Yet they are also overwhelmed by constant waves of social nuances and others’ emotional and psychic energy.
People’s brains vary. Research has shown that some people are born with a neurological make up that can cause them to be more emotionally or intellectually intense, sensitive, and open to external stimuli than the general population. Highly sensitive children and intense children belong to this category, though their reality is often not recognized.
From the get-go, highly sensitive children and intense children’s way of seeing and being in the world is not shared by those around them. Since they think more and feel more, they also reach their limits much quicker. They are more easily affected by their surroundings and by those around them, which may exacerbate the impact of any problematic events in their early years.
The developmental differences for highly sensitive children become apparent before 18 months old. At a pre-verbal age, they can sense that the way they experience the world is different. They feel an omnipresent sense of feeling like a Martian visiting the Earth; and this feeling of lacking a ‘shared reality’ with those they depend on – their parents, older siblings, or elders in the family– can be terribly unsettling.
Sadly, because of the lack of awareness and understanding both in the family and in the wider world, many highly sensitive children and intense children have grown up internalizing the belief that there is something wrong with them, or that they are somehow defective, ‘too much’, or even ‘toxic.’
Highly Sensitive Children, Intense and Gifted Children as Apples That Have Fallen Far From The Trees
Unique challenges arise when a highly sensitive child is born into a family in which the parents or siblings do not function in the same way.
In his perennial work ‘Far from the Tree,’ Andrew Soloman addresses the differences between directly inherited (vertical) and independently divergent (horizontal) identities. Normally, most children share at least some traits with their family: Children of color are born to parents of color; People who speak Greek raise their children to speak Greek. These attributes and values are passed down from parent to child across generations through DNA and cultural norms. However, children are not always a replica of their parents; they may carry throwback genes and recessive traits beyond anyone’s control. When someone acquires a trait that is foreign to the parent, it is referred to as ‘a horizontal identity.’ Horizontal identities may include being gay, having a physical disability, having autism, being intellectually gifted, or empathically advanced.
It can be excruciatingly difficult for any parents who are presented with highly sensitive children whose ways of being and needs are alien to them. A gay child being born to straight parents, for instance, raises myriad challenges when it comes to understanding and acceptance. Vertical identities are usually respected; whereas horizontal ones are treated as flaws. Any unconventional ways of being, including being emotionally intense and sensitive, are often disparaged as ‘illnesses’ to be fixed, rather than identities to be accepted.
Our culture plays a part in perpetuating this disconnect. There is something primitive in our tribal nature that makes humans reject what we are not familiar with. Although our world as a whole has made progress in bridging the divide between class, gender, and race, awareness, and respect for “neuro-divergent” traits such as emotional intensity have not broken through into public consciousness. As a society we continue to pathologize individuals who have different ways of thinking, feeling, relating to, and being in the world. Under the influence of a culture that is inept at embracing diversity, some parents have come to perceive their highly sensitive child’s horizontal identity as not only a problem but even a personal failure or insult.
It takes extra resilience for families to learn to tolerate, accept, and finally celebrate intense children who are not what they initially had in mind. The fact that there is no “guide” to parenthood, especially when a child cannot be handled through conventional methods, leaves a painful gap of disconnection between the parents and the child. “Parenthood abruptly catapults us into a permanent relationship with a stranger,” wrote Andrew Solomon, who conducted over 4,000 interviews for his book. Families of emotionally intense children are presented with a fork in the road; They can reject or scapegoat their child for their strangeness, or they can rise to the occasion and allow themselves to be profoundly changed by their experience.
Unique Challenges Faced By The Intense And Sensitive Child
If you have been emotionally sensitive and intense all your life, you will probably recognize some of these experiences as a child:
From birth, intense children have more permeable energetic boundaries. They hear faint sounds, detect subtle smells, and notice the most subtle changes in their surroundings. They may find certain foods too flavourful, or can’t stand to wear certain fabrics.
Highly sensitive children can experience other people’s emotions, noises, and other environmental elements as coming onto and even inside of them, or that they merge with those they encounter. At home, they feel every shift and nuanced expression of their parents’ moods and are swayed continuously by events that do not affect their sibling as much.
Intense children are incredibly conscientious. They always try to figure out the right course of action and can be hard on themselves. For example, they tend to assume a lot of responsibilities in relationships. When conflicts arise, they quickly conclude that they have done something wrong, and become overwhelmed by self-criticism, and shame.
Being shaken continuously and pierced through by their intensity and events around them, these highly sensitive and highly intense children may never find the mental space or support to develop emotional resilience. Even as adults, they can feel very unstable and ungrounded; and in the long run, many suffer from physical pain, stifled energy, and fatigue.
FEELING EXISTENTIALLY ALONE
The intense child carries deep insights. They sense the world’s pain, both in their immediate surroundings and in the wider world. They feel lonely to be the only one who knows what is going on beneath the social facade of normalcy and harmony; many also feel guilty for not being able to alleviate the pain and suffering they see.
On some level, they are more mature than their peers. With a psycho-spiritual age that is older than their actual one, these ‘old souls’ feel they never had a childhood. Gifted children, especially as they enter adolescence, find that the adults in charge are not worthy of their authority.
Although they appear independent, deep down these young souls carry a longing for someone that they can wholly lean on and relate to, so they can finally relax and be taken care of. As one child described it, they feel “like abandoned aliens waiting for the mother ship to come and take them home”(Webb, 2008).
The intense child’s creativity and intuition also give them a rich and deeply reflective inner life not shared by those around them. They grapple with existential concerns such as life and death and the meaning of life and find themselves in an absurd and meaningless world that they can do little to alter. However, when they try to share their thoughts with others, they are usually met with puzzlement or even hostility. With no one to connect with them to the depth of their being, or recognize the fullness of who they are, they carry an unshakable sense of loneliness into adulthood.
LOSING TRUST IN THEMSELVES AND OTHERS
Intense children and highly sensitive children are alert to the hypocrisies, sufferings, conflicts, and complexities of their surroundings, even before they can cognitively articulate or handle it.
The perceptively gifted child is perplexed by the contradiction between the emotional vibration they get from the adults and their surface expressions: They see through the masks of propriety, the forced smiles, or the white lies. This discrepancy causes the child to become distrustful. Seeing society’s injustice and hypocrisy so early on also leads them to feel despair and cynicism.
If when they try to share what they see, they are shut down, they may start to doubt their own judgment, intuition, even saneness. They may also feel guilty for having this foresight. When they cannot find anyone who understands their reality, they may decide -even unconsciously- to stifle their intuition and emotions and become teenagers or adults that do not know what to believe, how to decide, or who to trust.
When combined with radical honesty, insightfulness can bring interpersonal challenges. The gifted intense child feels compelled to point out what they know and are unwilling to play the game of social facade. Sadly, their truth-telling is often unwelcome in the world.
As the messengers of the inconvenient truth, they are blamed for creating discord. At best, they are a source of bewilderment, but at worst, a source of ridicule. At home, they become the scapegoat. In school, they become the target of bullies or are relegated to the outcasts on the fringes of school cliques.
Having to choose between their authenticity and other people’s acceptance is an overwhelming challenge for any young person. The highly sensitive intense child may grow up feeling incredibly self-conscious about their differences from others, to the extreme, some believe that they are somehow ’toxic’ or dangerous, and live with a constant fear of being cast out from their family or social circle.
SENSING THEY ARE ‘TOO MUCH’
Intense children have intense needs. From a young age, they live with the pressure of their creativity and have a yearning for intellectually stimulating conversations, deep contemplation, and insight into life’s meaning. Their inner life is pierced with moral concerns, strong convictions, idealism, perfectionism, and forceful passions. However, without sufficient understanding from the adults around them, they might be misunderstood as being intentionally difficult. As a result, their natural needs for an adequate amount of stimulation and support may be dismissed or deprived.
Even with the most supportive parents who validate their sensitivity and speed, many intense children have an awareness that they are somehow ‘too much’ for those around them. They may be explicitly criticized, or just implicitly rejected for wanting too much, moving too fast, being too naive, too serious, too easily rattled, or too impatient. Realizing that their natural self can be overwhelming to others, they may decide to gradually shut down, to build a ‘false self,’ and to curb their excitability and enthusiasm.
Embracing The Intense And Highly Sensitive Child In You
Your home might or might not have been a haven for your highly sensitive, intense, and gifted young soul. (In this page about toxic family dynamics, we address some of the toxic family dynamics that passionate and empathic children often get locked into). Being different can be lonely, but the real suffering comes from having internalized the feeling that you, as a person, are fundamental ‘not okay.’
If all your life you have felt like a Martian exiled on Earth, it might take some time to not only know but also feel in your heart that being intense is not an illness. Being intense comes with the most precious abilities and qualities. You have an extraordinary capacity to understand and empathize with others, as well as the ability to reflect on your feelings, intentions, and desires. Across history, intensity is often paired with other forms of exceptional talents in the areas of music, visual art, sports, and creativity. Your excitabilities are not only highly related to giftedness; they are gifts in themselves. It is up to you now, to provide a safe home for your inner child. This time, under your wing, they can have a nourishing, safe, and exciting childhood.
Your highly sensitive inner child, gifted and intense soul is wild and untamed.
No matter how much you try to shut it down, manipulate it, pretend that it doesn’t exist,
its spontaneous nature always breaks through.
Sometimes, your truth sneaks up on you
in the form of awe, love, wonder, and joy.
It is so compelling that you have no choice but to surrender to the ecstatic outpouring.
For that precious moment, you feel your deepest nature, uninterrupted.
Own your wild, excitable, passionate soul.
That highly sensitive child, gifted child, intense child inside of you is waiting to, at long last,
be seen, heard, and embraced for who they are.
“You are a marvel. You are unique. In all the years that have passed, there has never been another child like you. Your legs, your arms, your clever fingers, the way you move. You may become a Shakespeare, a Michelangelo, a Beethoven. You have the capacity for anything.”
– Henry David Thoreau